Top 10 causes of dog poisoning
The ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center has put together a list of the top ten poisons that affected dogs in 2008.
1. Human medications. For several years, human medications have been number one source of poisoning cases — both prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs. Pets often snatch pill vials from counters and nightstands or gobble up medications accidentally dropped on the floor. Keep them in cabinets.
2. Insecticides. Bug control products rank number two, and many of them involved misuse of flea and tick products—such as applying the wrong topical treatment to the wrong species. Check with your vet before beginning any flea and tick control program.
3. People food. Grapes, raisins, avocado, onions and certain citrus fruit can harm dogs. One of the worst offenders is chocolate, which, if ingested in significant amounts, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst, urination, hyperactivity, and in severe cases, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors and seizures.
4. Rat and mouse poisons. Last year, the ASPCA received approximately 8,000 calls about pets who had accidentally ingested rat and mouse poisons. Many baits used to attract rodents contain inactive ingredients that are attractive to pets as well. Ingesting them can lead to life-threatening problems for pets, including bleeding, seizures and kidney damage.
5. Veterinary medications. Even medicine prescribed for your dog — such as de-wormers, antibiotics, heartworm preventatives, vaccines an anti-inflammatory drugs — can be harmful if misapplied or improperly dispensed.
6. Plants. Varieties such as azalea, rhododendron, sago palm, lilies, kalanchoe and schefflera can be harmful to pets. Lilies are especially toxic to cats, and can cause life-threatening kidney failure even in small amounts.
7. Chemicals. This category is on th rise, the ASPCA says. Certain antifreezes, pain thinners, drain cleaners and pool chemicals pose a substantial danger to pets, causing gastrointestinal upset, depression, respiratory difficulties and chemical burns.
8. Household cleaners. Bleaches, detergents and disinfectants when inhaled by pets can cause serious gastrointestinal distress and irritation to the respiratory tract.
9. Heavy metals. Zinc, mercury and, worst of all, lead, are hazardous to pets and can be found in sources including paint chips, linoleum, and lead dust produced when surfaces in older homes are scraped or sanded.
10. Fertilizer. Certain types of fertilizer can cause problems for outdoor cats and dogs.
The center, in Urbana, Illinois, handled more than 140,000 cases of pets exposed to toxic substances during the year. The Animal Poison Control Center’s 24-hour hotline, which charges a fee for information, can be reached at (888) 426-4435.
Posted by John Woestendiek February 2nd, 2009 under Muttsblog.
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